1.1 What is a water softener?
A water softener is a unit that is used to soften water, by removing the minerals that cause the water to be hard.
1.2 Why is water softening applied?
Water softening is an important process, because the hardness of water in households and companies is reduced during this
process. When water is hard, it can clog pipes and soap will dissolve in it less easily. Water softening can prevent these
negative effects. Hard water causes a higher risk of lime scale deposits in household water systems. Due to this lime scale
build-up, pipes are blocked and the efficiency of hot boilers and tanks is reduced. This increases the cost of domestic water
heating by about fifteen to twenty percent. Another negative effect of lime scale is that it has damaging effects on household
machinery, such as laundry machines. Water softening means expanding the life span of household machine, such as laundry
machines. Water softening means expanding the life span of household machine, such as laundry machines, and the life span
of pipelines. It also contributes to the improved working, and longer lifespan of solar heating systems, air conditioning
units and many other water-based applications.
1.3 What does a water softener plant do?
Water softening methods normally are one of the followings.
a. Soda lime treatment
b. Ion exchange resin based
c. Nano filtration
d. Reverse Osmosis
Softeners mainly remove calcium (Ca2+) and magnesium (Mg2+) ions. Calcium and magnesium are often referred to as ‘hardness minerals’.
Softeners are sometimes even applied to remove iron. The softening devices are able to remove up to five milligrams per litre (5 mg/L) of dissolved iron.
Softeners can operate automatic, semi-automatic, or manual. Each type is rated on the amount of hardness it can remove before regeneration is necessary.
A water softener collects hardness minerals within its conditioning tank and from time to time flushes them away to drain. Ion exchangers are often used for water softening. When an ion exchange is applied for water softening, it will replace the calcium and magnesium ions in the water with other ions, for instance sodium or potassium. The exchanger ions are added to the ion exchanger reservoir as sodium and potassium salts (NaCl and KCl).
1.4 How long does a water softener last?
A good water softener will last many years. Softeners have been found working from 25-30 years. Servicing, topping up etc are
key to long life of a softener.
“Excellon – Softener – PS” Package Softeners
Excellon Engineering Solutions is one of the leading water softener manufactures in India. Series package softeners are small
compact units ranging from flow rate of 1 m3/hr to15 m3/hr and are designed for counter current regeneration system.
These softeners are made from Fiber Reinforced Plastic (FRP), with extra strong engineering grade plastic pipe and rugged
multiport valve for easy operation and control.
“Excellon – Softener – IS” Industrial Softener
Our “Excellon– Softeners – ISU” and “ISD” series industrial softeners are designed for longer operating cycles and low
regeneration cost. The system incorporates the process technique of counter current flow regeneration and co-flow regeneration.
Our standard plants ranges from 10 m3/hr to 150 m3/hr this systems are made from mild steel pressure vessels and mild steel
UPFLOW SOFTENER DOWN FLOW SOFTNER